The Next American Viagra online without prescription, RevolutionBy Grace Lee BoggsLeft Forum Closing Plenary, Cooper Union,New York, March 16, 2008
I have decided to talk about the next American Revolution because Ibelieve it is not only the key to global survival but also the mostimportant step we can take in this period to build a new, more humanand more socially and ecologically responsible nation that all of us,in every walk of life, whatever our race, ethnicity, gender, faith ornational origin, will be proud to call our own.
I also feel that it would be a shame if we left this historic gatheringin this Great Hall, at this pivotal time in our country’s history --when the power structure is obviously unable to resolve the twincrises of global wars and global warming, when millions are losingtheir jobs and homes, when Obama’s call for change is energizing somany young people and independents, and when white workers in Ohio,Michigan and Pennsylvania are reacting like victims -- withoutdiscussing the next American revolution.
Since it is hard to struggle for something which you haven’tstruggled to define and name, purchase viagra online, my aim this evening, quite frankly, isto initiate impassioned discussions about the next American revolutioneverywhere, in groups, small and large.
****I begin with some history. Viagra pharmacy online, Forty years ago my late husband, JimmyBoggs, and I started Conversations in Maine with our old friends andcomrades, Freddy and Lyman Paine, to explore how a revolution in ourtime in our country would differ from the many revolutions that tookplace around the world in the early and mid-20th century.
We four had been members of the Johnson-Forest Tendency, a tiny groupinside the Workers Party and the Socialist Workers Party, led byC.L.R.James and Raya Dunayevskaya, viagra online without prescription. Lyman, an architect, and Freddy, no prescription viagra,a worker and organizer, had been in the radical movement since the1930s. Jimmy, an African American born and raised in the deepagricultural South, had worked on the line at Chrysler for 28 years andwas a labor and community activist and writer. I was an Asian Americanintellectual who had been inspired by the 1941 March on Washingtonmovement to become a movement activist, Best price viagra, and after spending ten yearsin New York studying Marx and Lenin with CLR and Raya, had moved toDetroit in 1953, married Jimmy Boggs and became involved in thestruggles organically developing in the Detroit community.
Our mantra in the Johnson-Forest Tendency had been the famousparagraph in Capital where Marx celebrates “the revolt of the workingclass always increasing in numbers and united, organized anddisciplined by the very mechanism of the process of capitalistproduction.” In the early 60s when the working class was decreasingrather than increasing under the impact of what we then called“automation,” we separated from CLR when he opposed our decision torethink Marxism,
Our separation freed us to recognize unequivocally that we were comingto the end of the relatively short industrial epoch on which Marx’sepic analysis had been based. Viagra online without prescription, We could see clearly that the UnitedStates was in the process of transitioning to a new mode ofproduction, based on new informational technologies, and that thistransitioning was not only epoch-ending but epoch-opening, withcultural and political ramifications as far-reaching as those involvedin the transition from Hunting and Gathering to Agriculture or fromAgriculture to Industry.
As movement activists and theoreticians in the tumultuous year of 1968, viagra rx,we were also acutely conscious that in the wake of the civil rightsmovement, beginning with the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955, RachelCarson’s Silent Spring in 1962, and the exploding anti-Vietnam warand women’s movements, new and more profound questions of ourrelationships with one another, with Nature, Buy cheapest viagra, and with othercountries were being raised with a centrality unthinkable in earlierrevolutions.
Hence, as our conversations continued, we became increasingly convincedthat our revolution in our country in the late 20th century had to beradically different from the revolutions that had taken place inpre-or-non-industrialized countries like Russia, Cuba, China orVietnam. Those revolutions had been made not only to correctinjustices but to achieve rapid economic growth. By contrast, buy viagra without prescription, ascitizens of a nation which had achieved its rapid economic growth andprosperity at the expense of African Americans, Native Americans,other people of color, and peoples all over the world, our priority hadto be correcting the injustices and backwardness of our relationshipswith one another, with other countries and with the Earth, Discount viagra, In other words, our revolution had to be for the purpose ofaccelerating our evolution to a higher plateau of humanity. That’s whywe called our philosophy “Dialectical Humanism” as contrasted with the“Dialectical Materialism” of Marxism, viagra online without prescription.
Six years later the practical implications of this somewhat abstractconcept of an American revolution were spelled out by Jimmy in thechapter entitled “ Dialectics and Revolution” in Revolution andEvolution in the 20th Century (Monthly Review Press, 1974).
“The revolution to be made in the United States,” Jimmy wrote, nearly30 years before 9/11, “will be the first revolution in history torequire the masses to make material sacrifices rather than to acquiremore material things, viagra prescription. We must give up many of the things which thiscountry has enjoyed at the expense of damning over one third of theworld into a state of underdevelopment, ignorance, disease and earlydeath.” Until that takes place, “this country will not be safe for theworld and revolutionary warfare on an international scale against theUnited States will remain the wave of the present.”
“It is obviously going to take a tremendous transformation to preparethe people of the United States for these new social goals.” Jimmycontinued. “But potential revolutionaries can only become truerevolutionaries if they take the side of those who believe thathumanity can be transformed.”
Thus, the American revolution, Buy viagra pills, at this stage in our history and inthe evolution of technology and of the human race, is not about Jobs orhealth insurance or making it possible for more people to realize theAmerican Dream of upward mobility. Viagra online without prescription, It is about acknowledging that weAmericans enjoy middle class comforts at the expense of other peoplesall over the world. It is about living the kind of lives that willend the galloping inequality both inside this country and between theGlobal North and the Global South, and also slow down global warming.
It is about creating a new American Dream whose goal is a higherhumanity instead of the higher standard of living which is dependentupon Empire. About practicing a new more active, global andparticipatory concept of citizenship. About becoming the change we wantto see in the world, viagra overnight.
The courage, commitment and strategies required for this kind ofrevolution are very different from those required to storm the Kremlinor the White House, viagra online without prescription. Instead of viewing the American people as massesto be mobilized in increasingly aggressive struggles for higher wages,better jobs or guaranteed health care, we must have the courage tochallenge them and ourselves to engage in activities that build a newand better world by improving the physical, psychological, politicaland spiritual health of ourselves, our families, Cheap viagra from usa, our communities, ourcities, our world and our planet,
This means that it is not enough to organize mobilizations calling onCongress and the President to end the war in Iraq. We must alsochallenge the American people to examine why 9/11 happened and why somany people around the world who, while not supporting the terrorists,understand that they were driven to these acts by anger at the U.S.
role in the world, order viagra from us, e.g. supporting the Israeli occupation ofPalestine, overthrowing or seeking to overthrow democratically-electedgovernments, and treating whole countries, the world’s peoples andNature only as a resource enabling us to maintain our middle class wayof life.
We have to help the American Viagra online without prescription, people find the moral strength torecognize that, although no amount of money can compensate for thecountless deaths and indescribable suffering that our criminal invasionand occupation have caused the Iraqi people, we, the American people,have a responsibility to make the material sacrifices that will helpthem rebuild their infrastructure. We have to help the American peoplegrow their souls (which is not a noun but a verb) enough to recognizethat since we, Price of viagra, who are only 4% of the world’s population, have beenconsuming 25% of the planet’s resources, we are the ones who musttake the first big steps to reduce greenhouse emissions. We are theones who must live more simply so that others can simply live.
Moreover, we need to begin creating ways to live more frugally andcooperatively NOW because as times get harder, we “good Americans,” ifwe view ourselves only as victims, cheap viagra without prescription, can easily slip into scapegoatingthe “other” and goose-stepping behind a nationalist leader, as the“good Germans” did in the 1930s, with Hitler
This vision of an American revolution as transformation is the oneprojected by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in his April 4, 1967anti-Vietnam war speech, viagra online without prescription. As Vincent Harding, Martin’s close friendand colleague, Cheap viagra pill, put it recently on Democracy Now, King was calling onus to redeem the soul of America. Speaking for the weak, the poor, thedespairing and the alienated, in our inner cities and in the ricepaddies of Vietnam, he was urging us to become a more mature people bymaking a radical revolution not only against racism but againstmaterialism and militarism. He was challenging us to e was“rededicate ourselves to the long and bitter, viagra india, but beautiful, strugglefor a new world.”
King was assassinated before he could devise concrete ways to move ustowards this radical revolution of values. But why haven’t we whothink of ourselves as American radicals picked up the torch. Viagra online without prescription, Is itbecause a radical revolution of values against racism, militarism andmaterialism is beyond our imaginations, even though we are citizens ofa nation with 700 military bases whose unbridled consumerism imperilthe planet.
***In Detroit we are engaged in this “long and beautiful struggle for anew world,” not because of King’s influence (we identified more withMalcolm) but because we have learned through our own experience thatjust changing the color of those in political power was not enough tostem the devastation of our city resulting from deindustrialization.
I don’t have time this evening to tell you the story of ourDetroit-City of Hope campaign. Viagra in uk, We hosted a panel about it yesterdaymorning and you can read about it in the Boggs Center broadsheet.
Our campaign involves rebuilding, redefining and respiriting Detroitfrom the ground up: growing food on abandoned lots, reinventingeducation to include children in community-building, creatingco-operatives to produce local goods for local needs, developing PeaceZones to transform our relationships with one another in our homes andon our streets, replacing punitive justice with Restorative Justiceprograms to keep non-violent offenders in our communities and out ofprisons that not only misspend billions much needed for roads andschools but turn minor offenders into hardened criminals.
It is a multigenerational campaign, involving the very old as well asthe very young, and all the inbetweens, especially the Millennialgeneration, born in the late 1970s and 1980s, whose aptitude withthe new communications technology empowers them to be remarkablyself-inventive and multi-tasking and to connect and reconnect 24/7 withindividuals near and far, viagra online without prescription.
Despite the huge differences in local conditions, viagra professional, our Detroit-City ofHope campaign has more in common with the struggles of the Zapatistasin Chiapas than with the 1917 Russian Revolution because it involves aparadigm shift in the concept of revolution.
One way to understand the paradigm shift is by contrasting our visionof health in a revolutionary America with the health care programsoffered by the Democratic presidential front-runners.
Hillary’s and Obama’s “health care” programs are really insuranceprograms having more to do with feeding the already monstrousmedical-industrial complex than with our physical, mental and spiritualhealth. By contrast, once we understand that our schools are insuch crisis because they were created a hundred years ago in theindustrial epoch to prepare children to become cogs in the economicmachine; once we recognize that our challenge in the 21st century isto engage our children from K-12 in problem-solving andcommunity-building activities, Cheap viagra, our children and young people willbecome participants in caring for their own health and that of ourfamilies and communities. Viagra online without prescription, Eating food they’ve grown for themselves,creating and sharing information from the Net, and organizing healthfestivals for the community, they will not only be caring for their ownhealth. They will be helping to heal our communities.
This kind of transformation is what the next American revolutionis about. It is not a single event but a process. It involves all ofus, from many different walks of life, ethnicities, national origins,sexual orientations, faiths. At the same time, based on our experiencesin Detroit and the panels I attended at this weekend’s Forum, I seethe Millennial generation playing a pivotal role. As Frantz Fanon putit in The Wretched of the Earth, “Each generation, coming out ofobscurity, must define its mission and fulfill or betray it.”.
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