LIVING FOR CHANGE Learning from Black HistoryBy Grace Lee BoggsMichigan Citizen Depakote online without prescription, , Sept 1, 2009
“If there is no struggle, there is no progress. Those who profess to favor freedom, Buy cheapest depakote online, and deprecate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground, rain without thunder and lightning.”
For most people, find depakote, including myself, Depakote online review, this oft-quoted passage from Frederick Douglass has summed up all that we had to learn from him. We viewed revolutionary struggle mainly as the oppressed standing up, rebelling against an external enemy, buy depakote overnight delivery, and (not yet) as two-sided transformation. Depakote in bangkok, So revolutionary leadership meant only agitation and mobilization.
Douglass was a revolutionary leader who developed beyond agitation and mobilization.
As a young man, in 1840, after having been brutally beaten for rebelling, after having taught himself (and others) to read, after having bought a book on oratory to develop his skills in public speaking, and after working in Baltimore for wages which he had to turn over to his master, Frederick Bailey decided that the time had come to take a train north and free himself from slavery, depakote online without prescription.
During the next 20 years he changed his last name to Douglass, cheapest generic depakote online, established contact with William Lloyd Garrison and (mainly white) Abolitionists, Depakote rx, inspired audiences in this country and England with the story of his degradation as a slave and his struggles to reclaim his humanity, wrote different versions of his autobiography, decided to purchase his freedom rather than continue to risk capture as a fugitive slave, buy depakote without prescription, married and fathered four children, Cheap depakote online, and established his independence from Garrison and the abolitionists by publishing his own newspaper.
In making these hard choices, Frederick Douglass matured and transformed himself, depakote bangkok. By the time Lincoln was elected president and the Civil War began, Discount depakote no rx, he was no longer only a black leader. He had evolved into the kind of Citizen leader needed by all Americans, a leader who was not mainly a politician like Lincoln (or Obama), tablet depakote, but one who recognized that in order to free ourselves, Find cheap depakote, Americans had to fight the Civil War not only as a war to preserve the Union but as a war to abolish slavery. Depakote online without prescription, In so doing, we/they would not only be freeing blacks, We/they would be acknowledging the terrible damage we/they have done to our own humanity by enslaving African Americans, taking the land from Native Americans, and exploiting peoples all over the world.
Frederick Douglass did not succeed in converting Lincoln. But by sticking to his principles and by recruiting 200, low price depakote,000 blacks to fight on the side of the North, Cheap depakote tablets, he won Lincoln’s respect and helped push him towards issuing the January 1963 Emancipation Proclamation.
To get a sense of this kind of Citizen leadership that we now urgently need, I recommend the little book Slave and Citizen: the Life of Frederick Douglass by Nathan Huggins, buy discount depakote online. Huggins is the author of Black Odyssey, Depakote overnight shipping, an invaluable account of how Africans were living materially and spiritually before the slave traders arrived and how coming to America in chains, they also had to create themselves anew.
Huggins was that rare black intellectual willing to struggle openly with other black intellectuals, depakote online without prescription. I’ll never forget his disagreeing so seriously with Bob Moses at the October 1986 symposium (convened to discuss how to celebrate MLK’s birthday as a national holiday) that he tore up his prepared speech in order to challenge Moses, buy depakote from us. His essay (“Martin Luther King Jr, Depakote online, Charisma and Leadership”) explaining the profound questions at issue in this disagreement is in Revelations, a collection of his writings compiled posthumously by his widow, Brenda Smith Huggins, depakote buy online.
When he died in his early 60s, Huggins was W.E.B. DuBois Professor of History and Afro-American Studies at Harvard University, the position now held by Henry Louis Gates Jr. Today we sorely need intellectuals like Huggins who do not fiddle while Rome burns.
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