|Letter of Hope
Learnings from Lived Experiences
From Movement Elders to Young Activists
The National Council of Elders was organized in 2011 to bring together leaders of the 20th Century movements for peace, freedom, and justice to strengthen our collective engagement and to share our experiences with young activists in the 21st century. We share with them now a sense of urgency caused by the escalation of all forms of violence in our country and the rise of anti-democratic forces. Our intent is to deepen the dialogue necessary to move away from a culture of violence toward a culture of peace and justice. As the current movements for justice grow, younger activists have asked us to share some of our experiences of state supported violence against our movements.
We know the U.S. began with violence against Indigenous and African peoples. Through the centuries, the triple evils of racism, materialism, and militarism have marked our country. At the same time, people have resisted these forces, organizing for freedom and justice. At every stage in our history, progressive movements have been met with legalized violence, carried out by federal, state, and local authorities as they attempt to protect power and privilege by destroying individuals and organizations who challenge them. This state directed violence against progressive efforts encourages and supports extra-legal actions by right wing extremist individuals and organizations.
Given this history, the months between November and January may be among the most dangerous in U.S. history. We come to this conclusion out of bitter, painful experience. We are a generation that came to consciousness with the image of Emmett Till’s battered and broken body seared into our minds and hearts. Violence like this, necessary for white supremacy to maintain itself, shaped our daily lives. We have witnessed assassinations, imprisonment, and brutality, often sanctioned by legal authorities in the name of law and order. We have come to understand the commitment and resilience of our movements, determined to endure and grow, in spite of this violence.
The murder of Medgar Evers touched all of us in 1963. As the field secretary for the Mississippi NAACP, engaged in organizing for voter rights and desegregation, Evers was under surveillance by both the FBI and Jackson police. On a June evening, he was gunned down in his driveway in front of his wife and children. The man charged with his murder was a member of the White Citizens Council. The FBI and local police were complicit. They had mysteriously disappeared the night of the killing. The killer was acquitted, twice, by all white juries.
In November of 1979 in Greensboro North Carolina five members of the Communist Workers Party were gunned down as they gathered in a neighborhood to begin a march to protest the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. The FBI and local police were complicit in these killings. Again, the killers, members of these white supremist groups, were acquitted, twice.
In the 15 years between the death of Medgar Evers and the Greensboro Massacre, we witnessed a series of assassinations of civil rights workers by white terrorists, frequently acting with the knowledge of local and federal law enforcement. Some are names well known, like, Martin Luther King Jr., shot in front of more than 150 police officers. Most were people working locally, doing the most ordinary tasks of daily movement organizing. In 1989 the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, Alabama commemorated 40 people killed during the course the movement, beginning in 1955, with the murder of Rev. George Lee, who led voter registration drives in Mississippi. It ends with the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in April 1968.
Over the course of decades, our movements gained power and expanded, raising profound questions about peace, justice, gender, and our responsibilities to the earth. As our movements challenged the US government and resisted the war in Vietnam, federal and state violence against organizers accelerated. The most notorious effort was the Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO) of the FBI and CIA. This program surveilled, disrupted, persecuted, and killed. The government imprisoned activists, spread lies, and drove people out of the country. COINTELPRO especially targeted the Black Panthers, the Nation of Islam, the Republic of New Afrika, the American Indian Movement, the Brown Berets, Students for Democratic Society, the Weather Underground, Chicanos, Puerto Rican independence organizations, feminists, queers, and environmentalists. Their victims included Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, Zayd Shakur, Geronimo Pratt, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, Leonard Peltier, and Assata Shakur.
This program was a “secret,” until the Citizen’s Commission to Investigate the FBI broke into an office in Media, Pennsylvania in 1971 and found documents exposing it. The program was supposed to have ended in 1976, but state violence is ongoing. Public officials encourage and sanction right wing individuals to intimidate and kill people they consider threats to their power. Even if violence at the federal level is curtailed, local and state authorities are willing to use any means necessary to protect power and property.
This is normal in the culture of violence that shapes America. Long before Donald Trump encouraged Proud Boys, or talked of good people on all sides, maintaining injustice required force.
As in the past, we imagine individuals are now paid to spread lies, inform on activities, sow disruption and dissent, and manufacture disinformation. But these efforts have taken on an insidious character as the technologies of surveillance and weapons of control have become much more sophisticated. Informants no longer need to draw crude diagrams to show the FBI where we sleep. Heat seeking devices are far more accurate.
Some things we learned may be of use to today’s activists.
The transformative potential of young people expressing a new sense of agency and confidence in their capacities to change this world threatens those defending white supremacy. The extraordinary leadership of people of color, especially Black women, joining openly with queer and trans people nationally and internationally, gives the current movement strategic force and moral weight. Under this leadership, large numbers of people of European descent have stepped forward to challenge racism and inequality. The more possibilities of real systemic changes are evident, the more we should expect increased repression.
As young activists, we saw organizations fall apart, personal animosities intensify and distrust spread because of government actions. Grief, trauma, and anger impacted us. But, like generations before us, we found strength and support in our communities. We learned to see ourselves as part of a long struggle that began before us, and will continue after.
Still, many of us are deeply scarred, carrying with us the loss of those we loved, the knowledge of betrayals, often by our most intimate friends. We carry the sorrows of lives confined and destroyed. Yet we hold on to the importance of kindness, care, and forgiveness, knowing these are essential for our survival. We embrace the spirit of care emerging in today’s movements as people consciously address the heart needs of organizing together and weaving community.
We also have learned that no matter how painful, acts of state violence should be exposed. Public accounting moves us as a society closer to safety and security. Over the years we organized viewings of killing grounds, developed commissions, held tribunals, collected public testimonies and countered official accounts. In Greensboro, we launched the first Truth and Reconciliation process in the US. Last month, after more than four decades, we secured the first public apology from those who officially knew of the massacre and did nothing to stop it. We have seen that out of confronting violence and pain we can come to understand the need for respect and compassion among us.
We are still learning the intentionality required to create a culture of peace. We understand the importance of embracing the philosophy of non- violence as the heart of a new culture. We learned that often a person who advocated violence toward those we opposed was an agent, or someone damaged by trauma. Such calls to violate other people would only serve to make us vulnerable, isolated, and self-destructive.
Out of our commitment to non-violence we were able to understand the distinction between violence and self-defense, between acting out of hate, or out of love for one another and our communities. We know our commitment to create a culture of peace saved lives. Creating beloved communities means putting love in the center of our organizing, holding out the possibility for all of us to transform toward our best selves.
Finally, we learned our basis for trust in each other was our commitment to agreed- upon missions and objectives.
We have seen some of the worst that America represents. But we also dream and continue to work for new worlds, joining with a new generation of leaders accepting global responsibility and taking us far beyond what we could have imagined. We walk with all those who believe we can yet become a place of peace, valuing life, justice, joy, and love.
National Council of Elders
Members: Ms. Rachele Agoyo, Ms. Dorothy Aldridge, Rev. Dorsey Blake, Mr. Louis Brandon, Ms. Candie Carawan, Ms. Mandy Carter, Dr. Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, Rev. John Fife, Ms. Aljosie Aldrich Harding, Dr. Gloria Aneb House, Dr.Shea Howell, Dr. Dolores Huerta, Mr. Phil Hutchings, Ms. Joyce Hobson Johnson, Rev. Nelson Johnson, Mr. Frank Joyce, Rev. James Lawson, Rev. Phil Lawson, Dr. Catherine Meeks, Mr. Gus Newport, Ms. Suzanne Pharr, Ms. Lyn Pyle, Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon, Ms. Frances Reid, Ms. Kathy Sanchez, Mr. Charles Sherrod, Ms. Shirley Sherrod, Dr. G. Zoharah Simmons, Friar Louis Vitale, OFM, Rabbi Arthur Waskow, Mr. Hollis Watkins, Mr. Junius Williams, Mr. Bob Wing, Rev. Janet Wolf.
Deceased Founding Members: Dr. Grace Lee Boggs, Dr. Dorothy Cotton, Dr. Vincent Harding, Father Paul Mayer, Mr. Ron Scott.
Facebook contact: National Council of Elders@ncoe20century